Us History


Part 1: Look for the Big Ideas- What does the author argue needs to be done and why?

Part 2: Evaluate the author’s claim and evidence. Use the “Compass Word” annotation strategy to write this analytical paragraph.

Part 3: Put the information from your charts into a short essay.


Part 1: Identify the Big Ideas in the Essay by answering some of these questions
Speaker: What does the reader know about the writer?  
Occasion: What are the circumstances surrounding this text?  
Audience: Who is the target audience?  
Purpose: Why did the author write this text?  
Subject: What is the topic?  
Tone: What is the author’s tone or attitude?  





Part 2: Argument Analysis

Create your own Compass Word or phrases for significant paragraphs in the DuBois excerpt

Para # Annotated Inference/ Key Idea:

Word Compass, tone, or rhetorical/ stylistic device

Paraphrased Text Evidence


Part 3:

As you read the passage consider how the author uses

• evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims.

• reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence.

• stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed.


Write an essay in which you explain how DuBois builds an argument to persuade his audience on the purpose of history. In your essay, analyze how he uses one or more of the features listed above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of his argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant aspects of the passage. Your essay should not explain whether you agree with Dubois’s claims, but rather explain how he builds an argument to persuade his audience.